Also know as Glory of York, this apple's story is summarized in Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable as follows:
So called from Ribston, in Yorkshire, where Sir Henry Goodricke planted three pips, sent to him from Rouen, in Normandy. Two pips died, but from the third came all the Ribston apple-trees in England.
Gould Hill repeats this story and dates the fruit from 1707. It is one of many web sites that say Ribston is the parent of the celebrated Cox's Orange Pippin. The Yorkshire-based Orange Pippin is more cautious about that, and tells us the fruit was "very popular in Victorian times."
I find Ribston Pippin a medium-sized apple with a variegated appearance: orange-red blush over green shot with russet. The lenticels are a light tan.
The fruit is firm and slightly ribbed, and smells ever-so-slightly of moss. I wonder if that isn't the russet.
The flesh is yellow and substantial: firm and dense, though not fine-grained, crunchy but not snapping crisp.
The first impression is of acid, but there are many complex flavors including banana, pear, malt, and (fleetingly) peach. There are also elusive suggestions of something deeper, almost chocolate or chestnut. The flavor includes a little tempering sweetness in which the acidity sounds the stronger note. It's not exactly balanced.
Indeed, it's a little crazy and wild--but gloriously so.
Ribston delivers a heady bouquet of Victorian tastes. If some apples are vinous, Ribston is a complex amontillado.
Vintage Virginia Apples accounts scientifically for the apple's strong acid impression by noting it "has one of the highest vitamin C contents" and names some of its many apple offspring.
There is an entire chapter devoted to the Ribston Pippin in the hoary (1841) Pomologia Britannica.